It’s no secret that gambling is a common activity worldwide, with an estimated $10 trillion wagered annually. While most people who gamble do so responsibly, many others have trouble putting aside their addiction. In fact, some people develop a pathological gambling (PG) disorder, and it’s important to recognize the warning signs so you can seek help.
Gambling involves placing a bet on a random event with the intent of winning something else of value, such as money or goods. Whether you’re betting on a football game, lottery numbers or horse race, a win is possible only if you can predict the outcome correctly. There are three essential elements in a wager: consideration, risk, and a prize. While most adults and adolescents in the United States have placed some form of bet, only about 0.4-1.6% of Americans meet diagnostic criteria for a PG diagnosis. Those with a PG diagnosis tend to have greater problems with strategic and face-to-face forms of gambling than nonstrategic, less interpersonally interactive forms.
Psychiatric treatments for PG can range from psychodynamic therapy to group therapy, as well as family and marital counseling. Those who have trouble controlling their urges should also consider psychoeducational and motivational therapy. These types of therapy can teach you about how your impulsive behaviors contribute to the development of a gambling problem and how to control them.
The brain’s reward center is stimulated when you gamble, which is why some people feel a rush when they win. However, it’s also true that a rash of losses can trigger a withdrawal-like response. It’s important to know your limits and not chase your losses, as this will only lead to more losses in the future.
Another thing to keep in mind is that gambling is not a substitute for healthy living. It can even damage your health and relationships. Continuing to gamble, even when it causes you significant distress or interferes with your life, can cause you to make poor decisions about your health and finances. It’s also important to avoid using gambling as an escape from emotional or psychological issues, because this can cause serious problems.
Fortunately, it is possible to overcome a gambling problem with professional help. In addition to individual therapy, there are several specialized treatment programs available for those with a severe gambling problem, including inpatient and residential treatments and rehab programs. These treatments can provide round-the-clock support and teach you coping skills so that you can regain control of your life. In addition, there are marriage, career, and family counseling programs that can help you work through any issues caused by your addiction to gambling and create a more stable home environment. In some cases, these programs are covered by insurance. You may also want to consider pursuing psychodynamic therapy, which examines how unconscious processes can affect your behavior.